After the massive demonstrations of the cedar revolutions that called for Syria`s withdrawal from Lebanon in February 2005, Syrian Deputy Foreign Minister Waleed Al-Mualem said: “The important resignations that have taken place so far and will take place at a later date will be in agreement with Lebanon on the basis of the Taif agreement and related mechanisms.” In a February 25 press release, a White House spokesman highlighted UN Security Council Resolution 1559.  The agreement was ratified on 4 November 1989. Parliament met the next day at Qoleiat Air Base in northern Lebanon and elected President Rene Mouawad 409 days after Amine Gemayel evacuated the post at the end of his term in 1988. Mouawad was unable to occupy the presidential palace, which was still used by General Michel Aoun. Mouawad was assassinated 17 days later in a car bomb attack in Beirut on November 22, as his motorcade returned from ceremonies on Lebanon`s Independence Day. His successor was Elias Hrawi, who remained in office until 1998. In July 2006, Israel again invaded Lebanon after Hezbollah swangled two Israeli soldiers to row with Israeli prisoners. When the conflict escalated, the Lebanese government agreed at an extraordinary meeting that Israel should withdraw and accept a ceasefire in accordance with the Taif agreement and UN resolutions. However, Energy Minister Mohammad Fneish, a member of Hezbollah, argued that the ongoing military crisis had overtaken the Taif Agreement and UN Security Council Resolution 1559, so that the agreement was no longer a national agreement document. Iran`s important role in the region should not be ignored, he added.  D. The problem of evacuees in Lebanon must be solved in depth and the right of any Lebanese displaced since 1975 to return to the place from which he was deported must be justified.
Legislation is passed to guarantee this right and to ensure reconstruction funds. Considering that the objective of the Lebanese State is to spread its authority over all Lebanese territories by its own forces, represented primarily by the internal security forces, and in view of the fraternal relations that bind Syria to the authority of the Lebanese State within a specified period of more than two years, starting with the ratification of the Charter of the National Agreement. , election of the President of the Republic, formation of the national cabinet agreement, and the adoption of constitutional political reforms. At the end of this period, the two governments – the Syrian government and the Lebanese government of the National Agreement – decided to redistribute Syrian forces to Al-Biq`a from Dahr al-Baydar to the Hammana-al-Mudayrij-`Ayn`Ayn Darah line and, if necessary, on other points that must be defined by a common Lebanese and Syrian military committee. The two governments also reach an agreement to determine the strength and duration of the presence of the Syrian armed forces in the aforementioned area and to establish the relations of these forces with the Lebanese authorities, when the armed forces are present.